The Beatitudes are a description of the characteristics of people who belong to Christ’s kingdom. In Matthew 4 we read that Jesus was preaching, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.” Then Jesus went through Galilee proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom and healing diseases and afflictions among the people. As Jesus goes up the mountain, he is reenacting Moses going up the mountain and receiving the Law. Jesus is now declaring the law, that is, the covenant of the kingdom of heaven. In Matthew 5:7 Jesus said, “Blessed are the merciful, for they shall receive mercy.”
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