Isaiah is describing the coming servant of the Lord in Isaiah 52:13-53:12. In Isaiah 52:13-15 we learn that the servant will be successful but many will find him appalling because of the work he would do (extreme suffering of the cross) and the effect of his work (cleansing and covenant to the Gentiles). The first verse of Isaiah 53 is a hinge verse. The response of the people will be the rejection of the servant. Though they have seen the arm of the Lord they will not believe the message proclaimed about Christ (Romans 10:16-17; John 12:36-39). Isaiah continues to describe the work of the servant in verses 2-6. Isaiah 53:1 is a hinge verse because it speaks about why the people will reject the servant (his work and the effect of his work) in 52:13-15 but also about the rejection in 53:2-6. We see the first word of verse 2 is “for” which shows that the prophecy is continuing to describe the rejection that the servant will experience.
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